What's in Bloom?

Each season at Callaway Gardens unveils its own unique wonders, all full of beauty and grace. While blooms never can be predicted with complete accuracy – one Fall may bring an early frost, or one Spring a late snow, for example – the following list offers a general guideline on what to look for throughout the year.

WINTER TO EARLY SPRING
SPRING TO EARLY SUMMER
SUMMER TO EARLY FALL
FALL TO EARLY WINTER

WINTER TO EARLY SPRING


Holly: Many Evergreen hollies have a striking, conical shape with horizontal branches and colorful berries – and not just red ones, which typically come to mind; you’ll often find yellow and orange as well. Leaf sizes, textures and shades of green vary. Leaf sizes, textures and shades of green vary. Scenic Drive, Holly Trail

Edgworthia: This shrub has wonderful papery flower buds. Meadowlark Gardens

Witch Hazel: This plant is distinguished by fragrant, bright yellow, spidery petals. Callaway Brothers Azalea Bowl, Meadowlark Gardens

Lenten Rose: This unusual herbaceous evergreen has flowers in shades of green to dark purple during the Lenten season. Rhododendron Trail, Callaway Brothers Azalea Bowl, Overlook Azalea Garden

Daphne: The flowers on this small evergreen shrub bloom in small clusters, usually white or light pink, and have a heavenly fragrance. Meadowlark Gardens, Rhododendron Trail, Overlook Garden

Carolina Jessamine: This evergreen vine has fragrant, bright yellow flowers. Callaway Discovery Center entrance, Meadowlark Gardens

Camellia: Look for evergreen Japanese camellias with an array of rose-like and peony-like blossoms ranging from white to pink to red. Meadowlark Gardens

Trillium: The leaves, sepals and petals of all trilliums occur in groups of three. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Trail

Daffodil: Many species, hybrids and cultivars of daffodils produce sunny-colored flowers. Throughout the Gardens

Pansies: These are one of the most popular and beautiful cool-season annuals. They come in many colors, and some have patterned “faces.” Throughout the Gardens

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SPRING TO EARLY SUMMER


Trout Lily: This flower gets its name from its fleshy, mottled leaves that resemble a trout. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Trail

Native Azaleas: These airy, open shrubs with a variety of colorful blooms sometimes reach heights of 15 feet. Some also have a wonderfully sweet fragrance. Throughout the Gardens, including Callaway Brothers Azalea Bowl, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Trail, Scenic Drive

Cultivated Azaleas: These shrubs can grow 10 feet or taller, with varying colors and shapes. Callaway Brothers Azalea Bowl, Overlook Garden

Fringe Trees: Often called “Old Man’s Beard,” fringe trees display lacy clusters of drooping white flowers. Scenic Drive, Overlook Garden, Callaway Brothers Azalea Bowl

Dogwood: This native understory tree features large white “petals” (actually a form of leaf known as bracts) surrounding tiny, yellow-green flowers. Scenic Drive, all nature trails

Rhododendron: Large, dark green leaves and bouquets of pale pink, white or purple blossoms characterize this evergreen shrub that reaches heights up to 15 feet. Rhododendron Trail, Mountain Creek Lake Trail

Mountain Laurel: The white to pink flowers of this native evergreen have spring-loaded stamens that release pollen when tripped by bees. Throughout the Gardens

Cinnamon Fern: This fern is named for the striking, reddish brown color of its fertile fronds. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Trail, Rhodendron Trail, Ida Cason Callaway Memorial Chapel

Bigleaf Magnolia: The leaves of this magnolia are up to 30 inches long, and its creamy white, fragrant flowers are nearly 12 inches in diameter. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Trail, Rhododendron Trail, Scenic Drive

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SUMMER TO EARLY FALL


Blueberry: This native shrub offers tiny, white, bell-shaped flowers in early Spring, delicious fruit in Summer, spectacular leaf color in Fall and exfoliating bark in Winter. Some of the original blueberries planted in 1962 still produce today. Scenic Drive

Sourwood: This ornamental native tree has small, white, lily of the valley-like flowers in Summer and spectacular crimson leaf color in Fall. Near Mockingbird Lake, Mountain Creek Lake Trail, Scenic Drive, Discovery Bicycle Trail

Southern Magnolia: Huge, creamy-white, fragrant blossoms and leathery evergreen leaves are the hallmark of this large tree symbolic of the South. Throughout the Gardens

Pitcher Plants: Insects are lured down the tube of these state-protected plants, where they are digested for nourishment. In the bog on the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Trail

Butterfly Bush: This small to medium shrub can display white, pink, red, purple and yellow blooms. Outside the Day Butterfly Center

Bottlebrush Buckeye: Large, bristled, white flower clusters remain for several weeks on this large native shrub. Scenic Drive, Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Trail, Hummingbird Lake

Plumleaf Azalea: Brilliant orange-red flowers appear in mid to late Summer on this rare shrub that grows naturally in only a few areas of Georgia and Alabama. Scenic Drive, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Trail, Laurel Springs Trail, Discovery Parkway, Ida Cason Memorial Chapel

Crape Myrtle: This Southern tree can display pink, purple, white or red flowers. Robin Lake Beach, Day Butterfly Center

Joe Pye Weed: This perennial grows in moist sites and blooms into the early Fall. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Trail, Callaway Discovery Center

Spider Lily: Distinguished by long red anthers that radiate to form a spider-like inflorescence on a leafless stalk. Meadowlark Gardens, Overlook Garden

Goldenrod: Contrary to popular belief, these showy late-Summer bloomers do not cause allergies. Discovery Parkway, Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Trail

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FALL TO EARLY WINTER


Muhly Grass: This drought-tolerant native ornamental grass produces clouds of reddish-purple seed heads that look like cotton candy. Discovery Parkway, Virginia Hand Callaway Discovery Center

Fall Foliage Color: Maples, Sweetgums, Sourwoods, Hickories, Dogwoods and Fothergilla provide striking displays of changing leaf colors. Scenic Drive, throughout the Gardens

Chrysanthemum: Often called “the Queen of Autumn,” chrysanthemums bring spectacular color to Callaway Gardens each Fall. Throughout the Gardens

American Beautyberry: Bright magenta berries appear along the stem after the leaves have fallen. Scenic Drive, Discovery Parkway

Deciduous Holly: The bright red fruit of many native American holly species are easy to see when the leaves have fallen. Mountain CreekInn, Callaway Brothers Azalea Bowl, Meadowlark Gardens

Japanese Maple: The bright red, eye-catching orange and even golden yellow of these trees brighten Fall days. Overlook Garden, Callaway Brothers Azalea Bowl, Meadowlark Gardens

Burford Holly: These large evergreen shrubs produce red berries for cedar waxwings to eat, and one selection at Callaway Gardens has yellow fruit for variety. Mountain Creek Inn, Meadowlark Gardens, Scenic Drive

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